Effect of the nuclear hyperfine field on the 2D electron conductivity in the quantum Hall regime
Vitkalov S.A., Bowers C.R., Simmons J.A., Reno J.L.
PACS: 73.40.Hm, 76.70.-r
The effect of the nuclear hyperfine interaction on the dc conductivity of 2D electrons under quantum Hall effect conditions at the ν = 1 filling factor is observed for the first time. The local hyperfine field enhanced by dynamic nuclear polarization was monitored via the Overhauser shift of the 2D conduction electron spin resonance in AlGaAs/GaAs multiquantum well samples. The experimentally observed change in the dc conductivity resulting from dynamic nuclear polarization is in agreement with a thermal activation model accounting the Zeeman energy change due to the hyperfine interaction. The relaxation decay time of the dc conductivity is within experimental error the same as the relaxation time of the nuclear spin polarization determined from the Overhauser shift. These findings unequivocally establish the nuclear spin origins of the observed conductivity change.