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VOLUME 107 | ISSUE 8 | PAGE 497
Dynamics of heavy carriers in the ferromagnetic superconductor UGe2
Abstract
Superconductivity and ferromagnetism in a number of uranium-based materials come from the same f-electrons with a relatively large effective mass, suggesting the presence of a band of heavy quasiparticles, whose nature is still a mystery. Here, UGe2 dynamics in both ferromagnetic and paramagnetic phases is studied employing high-field μ +SR spectroscopy. The spectra exhibit a doublet structure characteristic to formation of subnanometer-sized magnetic polarons. This model is thoroughly explored here and correlated with the unconventional physics of UGe2. The heavy-fermion behaviour is ascribed to magnetic polarons; when coherent they form a narrow band, thus reconciling heavy carriers with superconductivity and itinerant ferromagnetism.