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VOLUME 86 | ISSUE 10 | PAGE 713
Universal description of the rotational-vibrational spectrum of three particles with zero-range interactions
O. I. Kartavtsev, A. V. Malykh

Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, 141980 Dubna, Russia


PACS: 03.65.Ge, 03.75.Ss, 21.45.+v, 36.90.+f
Abstract
A comprehensive universal description of the rotational-vibrational spectrum for two identical particles of mass m and the third particle of mass m1 in the zero-range limit of the interaction between different particles is given for arbitrary values of the mass ratio m/m1 and the total angular momentum L. It is found that the number of vibrational states is determined by the functions Lc(m/m1) and Lb(m/m1). Explicitly, if the two-body scattering length is positive, the number of states is finite for L_c(m/m_1) \le L \le L_b(m/m_1), zero for L > Lb(m/m1), and infinite for L < Lc(m/m1). If the two-body scattering length is negative, the number of states is zero for L \ge L_c(m/m_1) and infinite for L < Lc(m/m1). For the finite number of vibrational states, all the binding energies are described by the universal function \varepsilon_{L N}(m/m_1) = {\cal E}(\xi, \eta), where \xi = {(N - 1/2)}/{\sqrt{L(L + 1)}}, \eta =\sqrt{{m}/{m_1 L (L + 1)}}, and N is the vibrational quantum number. This scaling dependence is in agreement with the numerical calculations for L > 2 and only slightly deviates from those for L = 1, 2. The universal description implies that the critical values Lc(m/m1) and Lb(m/m1) increase as 0.401 \sqrt{m/m_1} and 0.563 \sqrt{m/m_1}, respectively, while the number of vibrational states for L \ge L_c(m/m_1) is within the range N \le N_{\max} \approx 1.1 \sqrt{L(L + 1)} + 1/2.


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