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VOLUME 85 | ISSUE 8 | PAGE 435
Spin-charge separation and the pauli electron
M. N. Chernodub+*, A. J. Niemi^{\triangle\square\nabla}

+ Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics, 117218 Moscow, Russia
*Department of Theoretical Physics, Uppsala University, S-75108 Uppsala, Sweden
^\triangleInstitute for Theoretical Physics, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa 920- 1192, Japan
^\squareLaboratoire de Mathematiques et Physique Theorique, CNRS UMR 6083, Universite de Tours, F37200 Tours, France
^\nablaChern Institute of Mathematics, Nankai University, 300071 Tianjin, P.R. China

PACS: 03.65.Vf, 03.75.Lm, 05.30.Pr, 47.37.+q
The separation between the spin and the charge converts the quantum mechanical Pauli Hamiltonian into the Hamiltonian of the non- Abelian Georgi- Glashow model, notorious for its magnetic monopoles and confinement. The independent spin and charge fluctuations both lead to the Faddeev model, suggesting the existence of a deep duality structure and indicating that the fundamental carriers of spin and charge are knotted solitons.

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